The Basics of Project Management Techniques - ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

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Introduction: Project management can be used to manage complex projects.  The first step in planning and scheduling a project is...

The Basics of Project Management Techniques

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Introduction:
  • Project management can be used to manage complex projects. 
  • The first step in planning and scheduling a project is to develop the work breakdown structure. 
  • This involves identifying the activities that must be performed in the project. Each detail and each activity may be broken into its most basic components. 
  • The time, cost, resource requirements, predecessors, and person(s) responsible are identified.
Project Management Definition:
It is nothing more (or less) than knowing what the status of a project is:
  • when it should be done
  • how much (and if) it has slipped from the original schedule, 
  • what the bottlenecks are
  • what you might drop to save some time.
Project Planning, Controlling, and Scheduling:

1-Project planning is part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and subsequently report progress within the project environment.
Project Planning before The Project:
  • Setting goals. 
  • Defining the project. 
  • Tying needs into timed project activities. 
  • Organizing the team.
2-Project scheduling is a mechanism to communicate what tasks need to get done and which organizational resources will be allocated to complete those tasks in what timeframe. A project schedule is a document collecting all the work needed to deliver the project on time.

Project Scheduling: 
  • Tying resources to specific activities. 
  • Relating activities to each other. 
  • Updating and revising on regular basis.
3-Project Controls are the data gathering, data management and analytical processes used to predict, understand and constructively influence the time and cost outcomes of a project or programme; through the communication of information in formats that assist effective management and decision making
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Project Controlling ( During the Project) : 
  • Monitoring resources, costs, quality, and budgets. 
  • Revising and changing plans. 
  • Shifting resources to meet demands.
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