Why is Project Risk Management Important?

Why is Project Risk Management Important?

Why is Project Risk Management Important
Why is Project Risk Management Important

Risk Management is the process of identifying, analyzing and responding to risk factors throughout the life of a project and in the best interests of its objectives. Proper risk management implies control of possible future events and is proactive rather than reactive. 

Effective risk management strategies allow you to identify your project’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. By planning for unexpected events, you can be ready to respond if they arise. To ensure your project’s success, define how you will handle potential risks so you can identify, mitigate or avoid problems when you need to do. 


Successful project managers recognize that risk management is important, because achieving a project’s goals depends on planning, preparation, results and evaluation that contribute to achieving strategic goals.


10 Rules for Managing Project Risk:

The Risk Management Process is intended to reduce management by crisis. While there may always be some things that will occur that are unanticipated, most of these, through sound risk management, can be managed, rather than reacted to. Essentially, the Risk Management Process is a quality problem- solving process. Quality and assessment tools are used to determine and prioritize risks for assessment.

1-Identify the risks early on in your project:

  • Review the lists of possible risk sources as well as the project team’s experiences and knowledge. 
  • Brainstorm all potential risks. 
  • Brainstorm all missed opportunities if project is not completed. 
  • Make clear who is responsible for what risk.

2-Communicate about risks:

  • Pay attention to risk communication and solicit input at team meetings to ensure that risk management is perceived as important for the project. 
  • Focus your communication efforts with the project sponsor or principal on the big risks and make sure you don’t surprise the boss or the customer. 
  • Also, make sure that the sponsor makes decisions on the top risks, because some of them usually exceed the mandate of the project manager.

3-Consider opportunities as well as threats:

  • While risks often have a negative connotation of being harmful to projects, there are also “opportunities” or positive risks that may be highly beneficial to your project and organization. Make sure you create time to deal with the opportunities in your project. Chances are your team will identify a couple of opportunities with a high pay-off that may not require a big investment in time or resources. These will make your project faster, better and more profitable.
4-Prioritize the risks:
  • Some risks have a higher impact and probability than others. Therefore, spend time on the risks that cause the biggest losses and gains. To do so, create or use an evaluation instrument to categorize and prioritize risks. 
  • The number of risks identified usually exceeds the time capacity of the project team to analyze and develop contingencies. The process of prioritization helps the project team to manage those risks that have both a high impact and a high probability of occurrence.

5-Assess the risks:

  • Traditional problem solving often moves from problem identification to problem solution. However, before trying to determine how best to manage risks, the project team must identify the root causes of the identified risks. 
  • Risk occurs at different levels. If you want to understand a risk at an individual level, think about the effect that it has and the causes that can make it happen. The project team will want to ask questions including:
    • What would cause each risk? 
    • How will each risk impact the project? (i.e., costs? lead time? product quality? total project?) 
    • The information you gather in a risk analysis will provide valuable insights in your project and the necessary input to find effective responses to optimize the risks.

6-Develop responses to the risks:

Completing a risk response plan adds value to your project because you prevent a threat occurring or minimize the negative effects. To complete an assessment of each risk you will need to identify:
  • What can be done to reduce the likelihood of each risk? 
  • What can be done to manage each risk, should it occur? 
  • What can be done to ensure opportunities are not missed?

7-Develop the preventative measure tasks for each risk:

  • It’s time to think about how to prevent a risk from occurring or reducing the likelihood for it to occur. To do this, convert into tasks, those ideas that were identified to reduce or eliminate risk likelihood.
8-Develop the contingency plan for each risk:
  • Should a risk occur, it’s important to have a contingency plan ready. Therefore, should the risk occur, these plans can be quickly put into action, thereby reducing the need to manage the risk by crisis.

9-Register project risks:

  • Maintaining a risk log enables you to view progress and make sure that you won’t forget a risk or two. It’s also a communication tool to inform both your team members, as well as stakeholders, what is going on. 
  • If you record project risks and the effective responses you have implemented, you create a track record that no one can deny, even if a risk happens that derails the project.

10-Track risks and associated tasks:

  • Tracking tasks is a day-to-day job for each project manager. Integrating risk tasks into that daily routine is the easiest solution. Risk tasks may be carried out to identify or analyze risks or to generate, select and implement responses. The daily effort of integrating risk tasks keeps your project focused on the current situation of risks and helps you stay on top of their relative importance.

Summary:

The benefit of risk management in projects is huge because the outcome of project failure is wasted dollars that steal investor profits and have a negative impact on the organization’s bottom-line. Risk assessments allow you to deal with uncertain project events in a proactive manner. 

This allows you to deliver your project on time, on budget and with quality results. Complete your risk assessment early on in the project’s execution and continuously (i.e.; every 2 to 3 months), throughout the project’s lifecycle. This will increase your project’s success likelihood. And, whenever possible, measure the effects of your risk management efforts and continuously implement improvements to make it even better.

Download Free:

About Author: Adarsh Gouda


PMP, NPDP, EIT 
Product Development | Mechanical Design | Quality Systems | AIML

With 9+ years of demonstrated experience in leading and executing projects to develop and sustain Oil & Gas downhole equipment and consumer electronics devices, I have acquired a wide range of skill set in various engineering functions and the means to integrate them to arrive at innovative solutions. 

I enjoy the creative process of bringing ideas to life and over the years, I have developed a strong understanding of the engineering value chain to conceptualize, develop, manage and introduce new-to-market, new-to-company products and technologies. 

I am able to manage stakeholder expectations and willing to take full responsibility in delivering project and product objectives. I am extremely comfortable working in cross-functional environments with challenging and diverse roles and confident in working with technical experts from various fields.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post

Comments