Project Management Organizational Structures - ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT

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A project organization is a structure that facilitates the coordination and implementation of project activities. Its main reason is t...

Project Management Organizational Structures


A project organization is a structure that facilitates the coordination and implementation of project activities. Its main reason is to create an environment that fosters interactions among the team members with a minimum amount of disruptions, overlaps, and conflict. One of the important decisions of project management is the form of organizational structure that will be used for the project.

Each project has its unique characteristics and the design of an organizational structure should consider the organizational environment, the project characteristics in which it will operate, and the level of authority the project manager is given. A project structure can take on various forms with each form having its own advantages and disadvantages.
One of the main objectives of the structure is to reduce uncertainty and confusion that typically occurs at the project initiation phase. The structure defines the relationships among members of the project management and the relationships with the external environment. The structure defines the authority by means of a graphical illustration called an organization chart.

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